Åkesson, C., M., C. N. H. McMichael, M. F. Raczka, S. N. Huisman, M. Palmeira, J. Vogel, D. Neill, J. Veizaj, and M. B. Bush. 2021. Long-term ecological legacies in western Amazonia. Journal of Ecology 1:432-446.

Bush, M. B., A. Correa‐Metrio, R. van Woesik, A. Collins, J. Hanselman, P. Martinez, and C. N. McMichael. 2021a. Modern pollen assemblages of the Neotropics. Journal of Biogeography 48:231–241.

Bush, M. B., M. N. Nascimento, C. M. Åkesson, G. M. Cárdenes-Sandí, S. Y. Maezumi, H. Behling, A. Correa-Metrio, W. Church, S. N. Huisman, T. Kelly, F. E. Mayle, and C. N. H. McMichael. 2021b. Widespread reforestation before European influence on Amazonia. Science 372:484-487.

Feng, X., C. Merow, Z. Liu, D. S. Park, P. R. Roehrdanz, B. Maitner, E. A. Newman, B. L. Boyle, A. Lien, and J. R. Burger. 2021. How deregulation, drought and increasing fire impact Amazonian biodiversity. Nature 597:516-521.

McMichael, C. N. H., B. M. Heijink, M. B. Bush, and W. D. Gosling. 2021. On the scaling and standardization of charcoal data in paleofire reconstructions. Frontiers in Biogeography doi:10.21425/F5FBG49431.

Nascimento, M. N., G. Peters-Schulze, G. S. Martins, R. C. Cordeiro, B. Turcq, L. S. Moreira, and M. B. Bush. 2021. Limnological response to climatic changes in western Amazonia over the last millennium. Frontiers of Biogeography 13:e50860.

Rozas-Davila, A., A. Correa-Metrio, C. N. McMichael, and M. B. Bush. 2021. When the grass wasn't greener: Megafaunal ecology and paleodroughts. Quaternary Science Reviews 266:107073.

van der Sande, M. T., M. B. Bush, D. H. Urrego, M. Silman, W. Farfan-Rios, K. García Cabrera, A. Shenkin, Y. Malhi, C. H. McMichael, and W. Gosling. 2021. Modern pollen rain predicts shifts in plant trait composition but not plant diversity along the Andes-Amazon elevational gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 32:e12925.


Åkesson, C. M., F. Matthews-Bird, M. Bitting, C. J. Fennell, W. B. Church, L. C. Peterson, B. G. Valencia, and M. B. Bush. 2020. 2100 years of human adaption to climate change in the High Andes. Nature Ecology and Evolution 4:66–74.

Bush, M. B. 2020. New and repeating tipping points: the interplay of fire, climate change, and deforestation in neotropical ecosystems. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105:393-404.

Cacciapaglia, C. W., M. B. Bush, and R. van Woesik. 2020. Legacies of an ice-age world may explain the contemporary biogeographical provinces of corals. Frontiers of Biogeography.

de Oliveira, P. E., M. Raczka, J. L. D. Pinaya, C. N. H. McMichael, and M. B. Bush. 2020. Climate change and biogeographic connectivity across the Brazilian cerrado. Journal of Biogeography 47:396-407.

Martínez, C., C. Jaramillo, A. Correa-Metrío, W. Crepet, J. Moreno, A. Aliaga, F. Moreno, M. Ibañez-Mejia, and M. Bush. 2020. Neogene precipitation, vegetation, and elevation history of the Central Andean Plateau. Science Advances 6:eaaz4724.

Nascimento, M. N., N. A. S. Mosblech, M. F. Raczka, S. Baskin, K. E. Manrique, J. Wilger, L. Giosan, X. Benito, and M. B. Bush. 2020. The adoption of agropastoralism and increased ENSO frequency in the Andes. Quaternary Science Reviews

Sarmiento, F. O., M. B. Bush, W. Church, P. VanValkenburgh, M. Oliva, E. Delgado, S. Fernandez, and N. Rojas. 2020. Mountain science poised to help ecotourism in Peruvian cloud forests. PAGES 28:22-23.


Bush, M.B. (2019) A Neotropical Perspective on Past Human-Climate Interactions and Biodiversity. Climate Change and Biodiversity (ed. by T. Lovejoy and L. Hannah), pp. 142-153. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Cárdenes-Sandí, G.M., Shadik, C.R., Correa-Metrio, A., Gosling, W.D., Cheddadi, R. & Bush, M.B. (2019) Central American climate and microrefugia: a view from the Last Interglacial. Quaternary Science Reviews, 205, 224-233.

Huisman, S., McMichael, C.H., Bush, M.B. (2019). Four centuries of local-scale vegetation change in a fire-free mid-elevation Andean forest. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

McMichael, C.N.H. & Bush, M.B. (2019) Spatiotemporal patterns of pre-Columbian people in Amazonia. Quaternary Research, 92, 53-69.

Nascimento, M., N., Laurenzi, A.G., Valencia, B.G., Van, R. & Bush, M. (2019a) A 12,700-year history of paleolimnological change from an Andean microrefugium. The Holocene, 29, 231–243.

Nascimento, M.N., Martins, G.S., Cordeiro, R.C., B., T., Moreira, L.S. & Bush, M.B. (2019b) Vegetation response to climatic changes in western Amazonia over the last 7,600 years. Journal of Biogeography, 46, 2389-2406.

Pinaya, J.L., Cruz, F.W., Ceccantini, G.C., Corrêa, P.L., Pitman, N., Vemado, F., Maria del Carmen, S.L., Pereira Filho, A.J., Grohmann, C.H. & Chiessi, C.M. (2019) Brazilian montane rainforest expansion induced by Heinrich Stadial 1 event. Scientific reports, 9, 1-14.

Piperno, D.R., McMichael, C.N.H. & Bush, M.B. (2019) Finding Forest Management in Prehistoric Amazonia. The Anthropocene,

Raczka, M.F., Mosblech, N.A., Giosan, L., Folcik, A.M., Valencia, B.G., Kingston, M., Baskin, S. & Bush, M.B. (2019) A human role in Andean megafaunal extinction? Quaternary Science Reviews, 205, 154-165.

van der Sande, M.T., Gosling, W., Correa‐Metrio, A., Prado‐Junior, J., Poorter, L., Oliveira, R.S., Mazzei, L. & Bush, M.B. (2019) A 7000‐year history of changing plant trait composition in an Amazonian landscape; the role of humans and climate. Ecology letters, 22, 925-935.


Bush, M.B., Gosling, W.D. (2018). In search of the ice age tropics, a tribute to Prof. Daniel Livingstone and Prof. Paul Colinvaux. Quaternary Research 89: 1-6.

Nascimento, M.N., Laurenzi, A.G., Valencia, B.G., Bush, M.B. (2018). A 12,700 year history of paleolimnological change from an Andean microrefugium. The Holocene.

Nolan, C., Overpeck, J.T., Allen, J.R., Anderson, P.M., Betancourt, J.L., Binney, H.A., Brewer, S., Bush, M.B., Chase, B.M., Cheddadi, R.J.S. (2018). Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change. Science 361: 920-923.

Parsons LA, et al (2018). The Threat of Multi-Year Drought in Western Amazonia. Water Resources Research

Raczka, M.F., De Oliveira, P.D., Bush, M.B. (2018). Megafaunal extinction in south-eastern Brazil. Quaternary Research 89: 103-118.

Sarmiento F, et al. (2018). Tree microrefugia and community based conservation in Tropandean mountainscapes: A bio-cultural approach for heritage management of “El Collay” protected forest in southeastern Ecuador.  (Satoyama Review #4), pp 98-113.

Schiferl, J.D., Bush, M.B., Silman, M.R. (2018). Vegetation responses to late-Holocene climate changes in an Andean forest. Quaternary Research 89: 60-74.

Valencia, B.G., Bush, M.B., Coe, A.L., Orren, E., Gosling, W.D. (2018). Polylepis woodland dynamics during the last 20,000 years. Journal of Biogeography.




Palace, M. W., McMichael, C. N. H., Braswell, B. H., Hagen, S. C., Bush, M. B., Neves, E., ... & Frolking, S. (2017). Ancient Amazonian populations left lasting impacts on forest structure. Ecosphere8(12).

Shadik, C. R., Cárdenes-Sandí, G. M., Correa-Metrio, A., Edwards, R. L., Min, A., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Glacial and interglacials in the Neotropics: a 130,000-year diatom record from central Panama. Journal of Paleolimnology58(4), 497-510.

Matthews-Bird, F., Valencia, B. G., Church, W., Peterson, L. C., & Bush, M. (2017). A 2000-year history of disturbance and recovery at a sacred site in Peru’s northeastern cloud forest. The Holocene27(11), 1707-1719.

McMichael, C. H., Feeley, K. J., Dick, C. W., Piperno, D. R., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Comment on “Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition”. Science358(6361), eaan8347.

Cheddadi, R., Henrot, A. J., François, L., Boyer, F., Bush, M., Carré, M., ... & Huang, K. (2017). Microrefugia, Climate Change, and Conservation of Cedrus atlantica in the Rif Mountains, Morocco. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution5, 114.

Bush, M. B., Correa‐Metrio, A., Woesik, R., Shadik, C. R., & McMichael, C. N. (2017). Human disturbance amplifies Amazonian El Niño–southern Oscillation signal. Global change biology23(8), 3181-3192.

Piperno, D. R., McMichael, C., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Further evidence for localized, short-term anthropogenic forest alterations across pre-Columbian Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201705585.

Bush, M. B. (2017). Climate science: The resilience of Amazonian forests. Nature541(7636), 167.




Bush, M.B., Correa-Metrio, A., McMichael, C.H., Sully, S., Shadik, C.R., Valencia, B.G., Guilderson, T., Steinitz-Kannan, M., Overpeck, J.T., 2016. A 6900-year history of landscape modification by humans in lowland Amazonia. Quat. Sci. Rev. 141, 52–64. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.03.022

Rozas-Dávila, A., Valencia, B.G., Bush, M.B., 2016. The functional extinction of Andean megafauna. Ecology 0, 1–7.

Valencia, B.G., Matthews-Bird, F., Urrego, D.H., Williams, J.J., Gosling, W.D., Bush, M., 2016. Andean microrefugia: Testing the Holocene to predict the Anthropocene. New Phytol. doi:10.1111/nph.14042

Raczka, M.F., Bush, M.B., Folcik, A.M., Mcmichael, C.H., 2016. Sporormiella as a tool for detecting the presence of large herbivores in the Neotropics. Biota Neotrop. 16, 1–9.

Matthews-Bird, F., Gosling, W.D., Coe, A.L., Bush, M., Mayle, F.E., Axford, Y., Brooks, S.J., 2015. Environmental controls on the distribution and diversity of lentic Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) across an altitudinal gradient in tropical South America. Ecol. Evol. 91–112. doi:10.1002/ece3.1833

Bush, M.B., McMichael, C.N.H., 2016. Holocene variability of an Amazonian hyperdominant. J. Ecol. 104, 1370–1378. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12600

Flantua S.G.A., Hooghiemstra H., Grimm E.C., Behling H., Bush M.B., González-Arango C., Gosling W.D., Ledru M.P., Lozano-García S., Maldonado A., Prieto A.R., Rull V., & Van Boxel J.H. (2015) Updated site compilation of the Latin American Pollen Database. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 223, 104–115.

Urrego D.H., Hooghiemstra H., Rama-Corredor O., Martrat B., Grimalt J.O., Thompson L., Bush M.B., González-Carranza Z., Hanselman J., Valencia B., & Velásquez-Ruiz C. (2016) Millennial-scale vegetation changes in the tropical Andes using ecological grouping and ordination methods. Climate of the Past, 12, 697–711.



Bush M.B., Alfonso-reynolds A.M., Urrego D.H., Valencia B.G., Correa-metrio Y.A., Zimmermann M., & Silman M.R. (2015a) Fire and climate : contrasting pressures on tropical Andean timberline species. 1–13.

Bush M.B., Mcmichael C.H., Piperno D.R., Silman M.R., Barlow J., Peres C.A., Power M., & Palace M.W. (2015b) Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: An ecological perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 2277–2288.

Bush M.B., Mosblech N.A.S., & Church W.S. (2015c) Climate change and the agricultural history of a mid-elevation Andean montane forest. The Holocene, 25, 1522–1532.

Conroy J.L., Collins A.F., Overpeck J.T., Bush M.B., Cole J.E., & Anderson D.J. (2015) A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity. Geo: Geography and Environment, n/a–n/a.

Flantua S.G.A., Hooghiemstra H., Grimm E.C., Behling H., Bush M.B., Gonz??lez-Arango C., Gosling W.D., Ledru M.P., Lozano-Garc??a S., Maldonado A., Prieto A.R., Rull V., & Van Boxel J.H. (2015) Updated site compilation of the Latin American Pollen Database. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 223, 104–115.

Kular D., Hollowood K., Ommojaro O., Smart K., Bush M., & Ribeiro E. (2015) Classifying Frog Calls Using Gaussian Mixture Models. Advances in Visual … pp. 347–354.

Matthews-Bird F., Gosling W.D., Coe A.L., Bush M., Mayle F.E., Axford Y., & Brooks S.J. (2015) Environmental controls on the distribution and diversity of lentic Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) across an altitudinal gradient in tropical South America. Ecology and Evolution, 91–112.

McMichael C.H., Piperno D.R., & Bush M.B. Comment on Clement et al. 2015 “The domestication of Amazonia before European conquest.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, .

McMichael C.H., Piperno D.R., Neves E.G., Bush M.B., Almeida F.O., Mongeló G., & Eyjolfsdottir M.B. (2015) Phytolith Assemblages Along a Gradient of Ancient Human Disturbance in Western Amazonia. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 1–15.

Piperno D.R., McMichael C., & Bush M.B. (2015) Amazonia and the Anthropocene: What was the spatial extent and intensity of human landscape modification in the Amazon Basin at the end of prehistory? The Holocene, 25 , 1588–1597.



Bush M.B. & Gosling W.D. (2012) Environmental change in the humid tropics and monsoonal regions. The SAGE handbook of environmental change: Volume 2. Human Impacts and Response (ed. by J.A. Matthews and et al.), pp. 113–140. Sage, London.

Correa-Metrio A., Bush M.B., Hodell D.A., Brenner M., Escobar J., & Guilderson T. (2012) The influence of abrupt climate change on the ice-age vegetation of the Central American lowlands. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 497–509.

McMichael C. (2012) Pre-Columbian fire patterns and human occupation in western Amazonia: testing the cultural parkland hypothesis. Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL.

McMichael C., Piperno D.R., Bush M.B., Silman M.R., Zimmerman A.R., Raczka M.F., & Lobato L.C. (2012a) Sparse pre-Columbian human habitation in western Amazonia. Science, 336, 1429–1431.

McMichael C.H., Bush M.B., Piperno D.R., Silman M.R., Zimmerman A.R., & Anderson C. (2012b) Spatial and temporal scales of pre-Columbian disturbance associated with western Amazonian lakes. The Holocene, 22, 131–141.

McMichael C.H., Correa Metrio A., & Bush M.B. (2012c) Pre-Columbian fire regimes in lowland tropical rainforests of southeastern Peru. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 342-343, 73–83.

Mosblech N.A.S., Bush M.B., Gosling W.D., Hodell D., Thomas L., van Calsteren P., Correa-Metrio A., Valencia B.G., Curtis J., & van Woesik R. (2012a) North Atlantic forcing of Amazonian precipitation during the last ice age. Nature Geoscience, 5, 817–820.

Mosblech N.A.S., Chepstow-Lusty A., Valencia B.G., & Bush M.B. (2012b) Anthropogenic control of late-Holocene landscapes in the Cuzco region, Peru. The Holocene, 22, 1361–1372.

Raczka M.F., De Oliveira P.E., Bush M., & McMichael C.H. (2013) Two paleoecological histories spanning the period of human settlement in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 144–151.