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Neotropical Paleoecology Research Group




Valencia, B. G., Bush, M. B., Coe, A. L., Orren, E., & Gosling, W. D. (2018). Polylepis woodland dynamics during the last 20,000 years. Journal of Biogeography45(5), 1019-1030.

Schiferl, J. D., Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., & Urrego, D. H. (2018). Vegetation responses to late Holocene climate changes in an Andean forest. Quaternary Research89(1), 60-74.

Raczka, M. F., Bush, M. B., & De Oliveira, P. E. (2018). The collapse of megafaunal populations in southeastern Brazil. Quaternary Research89(1), 103-118.



Palace, M. W., McMichael, C. N. H., Braswell, B. H., Hagen, S. C., Bush, M. B., Neves, E., ... & Frolking, S. (2017). Ancient Amazonian populations left lasting impacts on forest structure. Ecosphere8(12).

Shadik, C. R., Cárdenes-Sandí, G. M., Correa-Metrio, A., Edwards, R. L., Min, A., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Glacial and interglacials in the Neotropics: a 130,000-year diatom record from central Panama. Journal of Paleolimnology58(4), 497-510.

Matthews-Bird, F., Valencia, B. G., Church, W., Peterson, L. C., & Bush, M. (2017). A 2000-year history of disturbance and recovery at a sacred site in Peru’s northeastern cloud forest. The Holocene27(11), 1707-1719.

McMichael, C. H., Feeley, K. J., Dick, C. W., Piperno, D. R., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Comment on “Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition”. Science358(6361), eaan8347.

Cheddadi, R., Henrot, A. J., François, L., Boyer, F., Bush, M., Carré, M., ... & Huang, K. (2017). Microrefugia, Climate Change, and Conservation of Cedrus atlantica in the Rif Mountains, Morocco. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution5, 114.

Bush, M. B., Correa‐Metrio, A., Woesik, R., Shadik, C. R., & McMichael, C. N. (2017). Human disturbance amplifies Amazonian El Niño–southern Oscillation signal. Global change biology23(8), 3181-3192.

Piperno, D. R., McMichael, C., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Further evidence for localized, short-term anthropogenic forest alterations across pre-Columbian Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201705585.

Bush, M. B. (2017). Climate science: The resilience of Amazonian forests. Nature541(7636), 167.




Bush, M.B., Correa-Metrio, A., McMichael, C.H., Sully, S., Shadik, C.R., Valencia, B.G., Guilderson, T., Steinitz-Kannan, M., Overpeck, J.T., 2016. A 6900-year history of landscape modification by humans in lowland Amazonia. Quat. Sci. Rev. 141, 52–64. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.03.022

Rozas-Dávila, A., Valencia, B.G., Bush, M.B., 2016. The functional extinction of Andean megafauna. Ecology 0, 1–7.

Valencia, B.G., Matthews-Bird, F., Urrego, D.H., Williams, J.J., Gosling, W.D., Bush, M., 2016. Andean microrefugia: Testing the Holocene to predict the Anthropocene. New Phytol. doi:10.1111/nph.14042

Raczka, M.F., Bush, M.B., Folcik, A.M., Mcmichael, C.H., 2016. Sporormiella as a tool for detecting the presence of large herbivores in the Neotropics. Biota Neotrop. 16, 1–9.

Matthews-Bird, F., Gosling, W.D., Coe, A.L., Bush, M., Mayle, F.E., Axford, Y., Brooks, S.J., 2015. Environmental controls on the distribution and diversity of lentic Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) across an altitudinal gradient in tropical South America. Ecol. Evol. 91–112. doi:10.1002/ece3.1833

Bush, M.B., McMichael, C.N.H., 2016. Holocene variability of an Amazonian hyperdominant. J. Ecol. 104, 1370–1378. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12600

Flantua S.G.A., Hooghiemstra H., Grimm E.C., Behling H., Bush M.B., González-Arango C., Gosling W.D., Ledru M.P., Lozano-García S., Maldonado A., Prieto A.R., Rull V., & Van Boxel J.H. (2015) Updated site compilation of the Latin American Pollen Database. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 223, 104–115.

Urrego D.H., Hooghiemstra H., Rama-Corredor O., Martrat B., Grimalt J.O., Thompson L., Bush M.B., González-Carranza Z., Hanselman J., Valencia B., & Velásquez-Ruiz C. (2016) Millennial-scale vegetation changes in the tropical Andes using ecological grouping and ordination methods. Climate of the Past, 12, 697–711.



Bush M.B., Alfonso-reynolds A.M., Urrego D.H., Valencia B.G., Correa-metrio Y.A., Zimmermann M., & Silman M.R. (2015a) Fire and climate : contrasting pressures on tropical Andean timberline species. 1–13.

Bush M.B., Mcmichael C.H., Piperno D.R., Silman M.R., Barlow J., Peres C.A., Power M., & Palace M.W. (2015b) Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in pre-history: An ecological perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 2277–2288.

Bush M.B., Mosblech N.A.S., & Church W.S. (2015c) Climate change and the agricultural history of a mid-elevation Andean montane forest. The Holocene, 25, 1522–1532.

Conroy J.L., Collins A.F., Overpeck J.T., Bush M.B., Cole J.E., & Anderson D.J. (2015) A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity. Geo: Geography and Environment, n/a–n/a.

Flantua S.G.A., Hooghiemstra H., Grimm E.C., Behling H., Bush M.B., Gonz??lez-Arango C., Gosling W.D., Ledru M.P., Lozano-Garc??a S., Maldonado A., Prieto A.R., Rull V., & Van Boxel J.H. (2015) Updated site compilation of the Latin American Pollen Database. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 223, 104–115.

Kular D., Hollowood K., Ommojaro O., Smart K., Bush M., & Ribeiro E. (2015) Classifying Frog Calls Using Gaussian Mixture Models. Advances in Visual … pp. 347–354.

Matthews-Bird F., Gosling W.D., Coe A.L., Bush M., Mayle F.E., Axford Y., & Brooks S.J. (2015) Environmental controls on the distribution and diversity of lentic Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) across an altitudinal gradient in tropical South America. Ecology and Evolution, 91–112.

McMichael C.H., Piperno D.R., & Bush M.B. Comment on Clement et al. 2015 “The domestication of Amazonia before European conquest.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, .

McMichael C.H., Piperno D.R., Neves E.G., Bush M.B., Almeida F.O., Mongeló G., & Eyjolfsdottir M.B. (2015) Phytolith Assemblages Along a Gradient of Ancient Human Disturbance in Western Amazonia. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 1–15.

Piperno D.R., McMichael C., & Bush M.B. (2015) Amazonia and the Anthropocene: What was the spatial extent and intensity of human landscape modification in the Amazon Basin at the end of prehistory? The Holocene, 25 , 1588–1597.



Bush M.B. & Gosling W.D. (2012) Environmental change in the humid tropics and monsoonal regions. The SAGE handbook of environmental change: Volume 2. Human Impacts and Response (ed. by J.A. Matthews and et al.), pp. 113–140. Sage, London.

Correa-Metrio A., Bush M.B., Hodell D.A., Brenner M., Escobar J., & Guilderson T. (2012) The influence of abrupt climate change on the ice-age vegetation of the Central American lowlands. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 497–509.

McMichael C. (2012) Pre-Columbian fire patterns and human occupation in western Amazonia: testing the cultural parkland hypothesis. Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL.

McMichael C., Piperno D.R., Bush M.B., Silman M.R., Zimmerman A.R., Raczka M.F., & Lobato L.C. (2012a) Sparse pre-Columbian human habitation in western Amazonia. Science, 336, 1429–1431.

McMichael C.H., Bush M.B., Piperno D.R., Silman M.R., Zimmerman A.R., & Anderson C. (2012b) Spatial and temporal scales of pre-Columbian disturbance associated with western Amazonian lakes. The Holocene, 22, 131–141.

McMichael C.H., Correa Metrio A., & Bush M.B. (2012c) Pre-Columbian fire regimes in lowland tropical rainforests of southeastern Peru. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 342-343, 73–83.

Mosblech N.A.S., Bush M.B., Gosling W.D., Hodell D., Thomas L., van Calsteren P., Correa-Metrio A., Valencia B.G., Curtis J., & van Woesik R. (2012a) North Atlantic forcing of Amazonian precipitation during the last ice age. Nature Geoscience, 5, 817–820.

Mosblech N.A.S., Chepstow-Lusty A., Valencia B.G., & Bush M.B. (2012b) Anthropogenic control of late-Holocene landscapes in the Cuzco region, Peru. The Holocene, 22, 1361–1372.

Raczka M.F., De Oliveira P.E., Bush M., & McMichael C.H. (2013) Two paleoecological histories spanning the period of human settlement in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 144–151.