Forensic clinical research

Forensic clinical research

Malingering Research Project

 

Bethany Wellman (pictured above), a member of our research team, defended her research on self-reported prevalence rates and decision making for malingering. In her community sample of adults, 50% self-reported malingering, primarily to avoid work or social obligations. When given a high stakes criminal scenario, only 8.5% believed they would attempt to malinger to avoid criminal conviction. In higher stakes, participants reported choosing symptoms that they had greater knowledge of, emphasizing how decision-making strategies change with the risk or reward.

Florida Psychological Association Presentation

Dr. Costopoulos (pictured above), presented to the Florida Psychological Association on De-escalation and Safety Planning. This presentation focused on techniques psychologists can utilize when an imminent threat is present. She also targeted how to prevent putting yourself and others in dangerous situations and the importance of being skeptical and confrontational in your clinical treatment. As many as 50% of psychologists have been assaulted during their professional career. The objective of this presentation was to implement this information to prevent these assaults from occurring.

Mock Trial

Graduate students involved in Forensic Psychology Students in Training participated in a mock trial in order to gain practice and exposure to forensic legal proceedings. Students took on the roles of the defense attorney, the prosecution attorney, and experts in competency while Dr. Costopoulos acted as the judge. Students utilized a court case to prepare and defend their position in court. As a group we discussed the strengths and limitations of the case and the role of the psychologist in the courtroom. 

Safety in Secure Settings

MSG John D. Stafford, a Senior Military Science Instructor, presented to The Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students) on safety in secure settings. Sergeant Stafford has trained personnel all over the world on strategies to implement in their facilities that will increase their well-fare and protection. He provided insight on small changes we can make every day to keep ourselves safe.

Keys to Interviewing

Dr. Costopoulos presented to the Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students) on the Keys to Interviewing. The purpose of this presentation was to prepare graduate students for success during their internship application process. She discussed the training experiences forensic students should aim for, how to prepare for internship interview day, and how to make yourself a marketable candidate.

Graduation

 

A big congratulations to our work study student from New York and a member of our forensic clinical research team, Kadie Lombardo. Kadie graduated on May 5th with a Bachelor’s Degree in Forensic Psychology. We excited to see what she does next!

SVPP Presentation

 SVPP presenters 2018

Dr. Costopoulos (middle), along with two team members, Lauren Price (left) and Chelsea Bennett (right), presented at the annual training of Florida’s Sexually Violent Predator evaluators in Tallahassee, FL. They discussed research conducted from 2012 to 2018 regarding sex offender recidivism. The entire team assisted with collecting the hundreds of studies, summarizing research findings, and developing the presentation.  The objectives of this presentation were to summarize recent research on recidivism risk in sexual offenders, and compare predictive factors that are emerging and those with significant support.

Lessons Learned

“Lessons Learned” was the topic of an extremely beneficial meeting for the Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students). This meeting was held by fourth years in our program who just finished the interview process for internship and came to share their experience with us. They provided the members of FPST with helpful insight on what to expect throughout the entire internship process and internship matching. 

Article Publication

Drs. Farahat and Costopoulos published the article “Cultural impact on ethical values of Saudi Arabian students in the United States higher education system. Psychology and Education: An Interdisciplinary Journal.”  This study compared the beliefs about academic honesty in Saudi Arabian college students studying at home, those studying in the US, and US students studying at home.  The influence of family members, peers, and teachers differed between these groups.

Psychoanalytic Understanding of the Origins of Sexual Violence

The Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students) held a meeting to discuss the article “Psychoanalytic Understanding of the Origins of Sexual Violence”. Our discussion was led by one of the authors, Dr. Costopoulos. As a group, we reviewed the article and some of the mechanics for developing sexual violence in an individual.

If you are interested in reading this article, visit

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0y5UQyYAAAAJ&hl=en

Violence and Mental Illness

Our condolences go out to the victims of the Parkland shooting and their loved ones. The media has widely reported that the alleged school shooter has a history of mental illness.  This warrants further discussion on the connection between violence and mental illness. Research suggests this connection is not as strong as believed by the general public.  Swanson et al. (2002) found that only 13% of their mentally ill population had inflicted violence on another person in the year prior to their study. Mulvey et al. (2008) examined the strength of the correlation between mental disability, substance abuse, and risk of violence. It was found that when a patient only consumed alcohol on a given day, the individual was 1.7 times more likely to commit an act of violence opposed to if he or she was sober. If the patient were to consume multiple substances, it was found that they were 3.4 to 7.1 times more likely to commit an act of violence. This points more strongly to the role of substance abuse contributing to people resorting to violence.  We are deeply saddened by the recent Parkland shooting, and hope it leads to a thoughtful discussion of empirically supported risk factors for this tragic incident.

Mulvey, E.P., Odgers, C., Skeem, J., Gardner, W., Schubert, C., & Lidz, C. (2006). Substance use and community violence: A test of the relation at the daily level. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(4), 743-754. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.4.743

Swanson, J.W., Swartz, M.S., Essock, S.M., Osher, F.C., Wagner, H.R., Goodman, L.A., … & Meador, K.G. (2002). The social-environmental context of violent behavior in persons treated for severe mental illness.  American Journal of Public Health, 92(9), 1523-1531. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.92.9.1523

Article Publication

Dr. Costopoulos and Samuel Juni’s article “Psychoanalytic Understanding of the Origins of Sexual Violence” has been published this month. This article discusses the link between childhood trauma and adult sexual violence. This is significant for sexual violence literature in that it applies multiple schools of thought within psychoanalytic theory to reach an understanding in the development of sexual violence in an individual.

If you are interested in reading this article, visit https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0y5UQyYAAAAJ&hl=en

Risk-Need-Responsivity Model

During this month’s meeting, the members of Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students) participated in a lecture of the current views and applications of the Risk-Need-Responsivity Model.

Femininity in Forensics

The Forensic Psychology Students in Training (monthly seminar for forensic clinical students) discussed the role of femininity in the forensic realm, led by team member Bethany Wellman. We discussed the article “Forensic Psychology: Preparing Female Clinicians for Challenging Offenders” and expressed any challenges that one may face within forensic settings.

If you are interested in reading this article, visit

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02703149.2014.850336

Book Chapter

Costopoulos’s chapter in “Reflections on Academic Lives: Identities, Struggles, and Triumphs in Graduate School and Beyond” is released (Palgrave MacMillan). The chapter titled “Dissertation demystified” discussed the personal obstacles that often arise for students when trying to write a dissertation, and recommends some strategies for overcoming them.

Mental Health Court

Costopoulos and team member Bethany Wellman have published “The Effectiveness of One Mental Health Court: Overcoming Criminal History.” This article examines the role of criminal history on success in the Mental Health Court and after release. Costopoulos and Wellman found that Mental Health Court did assist in lowering recidivism rates among mentally ill offenders, regardless of their criminal record, which is a substantial finding for future treatment options. The findings of the article were featured in Florida Today, NPR, and many court websites.

To further read on this article, visit

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0y5UQyYAAAAJ&hl=en

Actuarial Risk Assessment

This month’s meeting for the Forensic Psychology Students in Training,was led by Dr. Costopoulos and discussed actuarial risk assessment. 

Article Publication

Dr. Costopoulos and team alumni Dr. Rock (2016) have published “Efficacy of an experiential career curriculum on professionalism.” This study examined the impact of latent shaping, self-monitoring, and career development exercises on professionalism in undergraduate students.

Book Review Publication

Dr. Baker (FIT Professor Emeritus) and Dr. Costopoulos have published a review of the book “Turning the Tide of Male Juvenile Delinquency: The ocean tides approach” by L.C. Grebstein and J.A. Van Wyk.  It was an excellent book as a model for delinquency treatment.