research & partnerships: publications

ICCM researchers are active members of the scholarly community, regularly publishing in top journals.  The strength of our research background benefits our practice, and our partners.  The knowledge we gain through research is translated into practical interventions that demonstrate measurable benefits to organizations. Below is a selected listing of our publications regarding global and/or cross-cultural topics. . 

our publications

Topic Date Citation Type Abstract Abstract (hidden)
Global Teams Under Review Scott, C. P. R., & Wildman, J. L. (under review). Developing and managing team performance. To appear in E. Salas (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell handbook of the psychology of recruitment, selection, and team dynamics (pp. XX-XX). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell. Chapter    
Global Curriculum Development 2013 R. L. Griffith, L. Foster Thompson, & B. K. Armon (Eds.). (2013). Internationalizing the Curriculum in Organizational Psychology. Springer. Book    
Global Curriculum Development 2013 Griffith, R. L., Gabrenya, W. K. Jr., Steelman, L. A., Armon, B., Gitlin, B. & Kung, M. (2012). Global organizational psychology: Internationalizing the training curriculum. Psychological Topics, 21(3), 383-398. Article Abstract
Due to the rapid of globalization in the Information Age, students must become adept at navigating the complex and ambiguous nature of the global business environment. One major roadblock for training students to become global professionals is the lack of international curriculum within Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology programs at leading post-graduate training institutions. This article examines the methodologies and best practices used in establishing an International I/O Psychology curriculum at the graduate level developed to train students to better understand and work within the complexities of the global business environment. In this article we discuss the process we used to identify the major curriculum components needed for training in international I/O Psychology, and we provide specific advice for programs considering internationalization as well as lessons learned.
Global Curriculum Development 2013 Gabrenya, , W. K. Jr., & Yan, W-H. (in press). The making of generation g: Education and collaborative teaching to create the next generation of international work and organizational psychologists. In R. L. Griffith & L. F. Thompson (Eds.), The age of Internationalization: Developing an International Organizational Psychology Curriculum. Springer. Chapter    
Global Curriculum Development 2013 Wildman, J. L., Qureshi, R., Salazar, M., & Salas, E. (in press). Educational approaches across cultures: Consequences for international IO Programs. To appear in R. L. Griffith & L. F. Thompson (Eds.), The age of internationalization: Developing an international organizational psychology curriculum (pp. XX-FIX-XX). New York, NY: Springer. Chapter    
Global Teams 2013 Paul, A., Gitlin, B., Shuffler, M. L., & Wildman, J. L. (2013). Leading global virtual teams: The supporting role of trust and team cognition. In E. Nikoi & K. Boateng (Eds.), Collaborative communication processes and decision making in organizations (pp. 177-200). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. Chapter    
Cross-cultural Competence 2012
Gabrenya, W.K., Jr., Griffith, R.L., Moukarzel, R. G., Pomerance, M. H., & Reid, P. (2012). Theoretical and practical advances in the assessment of cross-cultural competence. Technical Report, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. Technical Report Abstract
Organizations engaged in international operations must navigate complex intercultural dynamics for successful performance, necessitating identification of individuals who are likely to succeed in these environments and training personnel in cross-cultural competence (3C). To do so, adequate competency models of 3C need to be developed and valid 3C assessment instruments must be identified or generated. The present chapter reviews issues and challenges in 3C model development and illustrates these problems in an analysis of the Defense Language Office's Framework for Cross-Cultural Competence. The comparative advantages of competency versus causal models of 3C are discussed and an integration of competency and causal models is suggested. An examination of 34 instruments that have been recommended in the 3C civilian and military literatures for assessing cross-cultural competencies and their antecedent factors showed that existing 3C measures suffer from poor construct validity and have not been empirically linked to important outcome variables. A measurement strategy that eschews self-report methods and broadly assesses KSAOs and behavioral competencies is advocated.
Cross-cultural Competence
2012 Gabrenya, W. K. Jr., Griffith, R. L., Moeser-Whittle, E. A., Moukarzel, R. G., & Pomerance, M. H. (2012). Mapping commercial cross cultural training competencies onto the Defense Language Office Cross Cultural Competence Framework. Technical Report, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. Technical Report    
Cross-cultural Competence
2012 Gabrenya, W. K. Jr., Moukarzel, R., Pomerance, M.H., Griffith, R.L., & Wolfed, L. (2012). Cross-Cultural Competence (3C) Source Materials Database. Technical Report, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. Technical Report Abstract

The Institute for Cross Cultural Management was contracted by the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute to evaluate the 2011 Defense Language Office Framework for Cross-Cultural Competence, and to develop new measures of 3C. A Cross-Cultural Competence Source Materials Database (3CDB) was developed as an integral part of the contract to support the review of existing instrumentation for assessing cross-cultural competence.

The 3CDB was designed to provide a searchable resource for the large, diverse body of literature in the area of cross-cultural competence. Although it duplicates the function of larger bibliographic sources, such as PsycLit and PsycInfo, entries for the source materials in the 3CDB are annotated on a set of variables that allow for searches that cannot be performed easily in general purpose databases. Currently, about 300 articles are online and additional ones are uploaded regularly, keeping the database up to date with the most recent work in the field.

Global Teams 2011 Mesmer-Magnus, J. R., DeChurch, L. A., Jiménez-Rodriguez, M., Wildman, J., & Shuffler, M., (2011). A meta-analytic examination of virtuality and information sharing in teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 115, 214-225. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2011.03.002 Article Abstract
We uncover new insights on the role of virtuality on team information sharing. A new two-dimensional conceptualization of information sharing (Mesmer-Magnus & DeChurch, 2009) enabled us to reconcile past inconsistencies in the virtual team literature. Recasting the findings of 94 studies (total number of groups = 5596; total N approximately = 19,702) into this framework reveals three key insights. First, virtuality improves the sharing of unique information, but hinders the openness of information sharing. Second, unique information sharing is more important to the performance of face-to-face teams than is open information sharing, whereas open information sharing is more important to the performance of virtual teams than is unique information sharing. Third, the effects of virtuality on information sharing are more curvilinear than linear – such that low levels of virtuality improve information sharing, but high levels hider it. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Global Curriculum Development
2010 Grifftith, R.L. & Wang, M. (2010). The internationalization of I-O Psychology: We’re not in Kansas anymore…. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Vol.5, pp.41-45. Article    
Cross-cultural Competence 2010 Wildman, J. L., Xavier, L. F., Tindall, M., & Salas, E. (2010). Best practices for training intercultural competence in global organizations. In K. Lundby & J. Jolton (Eds.), Going global: Practical applications and recommendations for HR and OD professions in the global workplace (pp. 250-294). New York: Routledge Academic. Chapter    
Cross-cultural Psychology 2009 Gabrenya, W. K. Jr. (2009). IACCP, the universe, and everything: Results of the membership survey, and some musing on organizational culture. Cross-Cultural Psychology Bulletin, 43, 13-22. Article    
Cross-cultural Psychology 2009 Gabrenya, W. K. Jr., Van Meurs, N., & Fischer, R. (2009). YouTube, the Internet and IACCP: Opportunities and challenges of cross-cultural psychology. In A. Gari & K. Mylonas (Eds.). Qod Erat Demonstrandum: From Herodotus' ethnographic journeys to cross-cultural research. Athens, Greece: International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology. Chapter Abstract

We culturalists are an unusual lot! Dispersed geographically and divided socially by potential and real political conflict, economic competition, religious disagreement and vast disparities in wealth and resources, we struggle with the dilemma of studying diversities that can only be understood adequately through effective communication and collaboration. The International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology was conceptualized by psychologists who recognized and participated in this dialectical context. The Founders set out to create an organization that would provide communication venues in order to facilitate the development of a community of psychologists who would collaborate on cultural research. Communication, indeed, was the starting point of IACCP, in face-to-face interactions at international conferences in the 1960s and through a project begun in 1969 by Harry Triandis, the Cross-Cultural Social Psychology Newsletter. These two types of communication were precursors to the founding of the Association in Hong Kong in 1972.

Cross-cultural Psychology 2008 Singelis, T. M., Aaker, J., Bhawuk, D. P. S., Gabrenya, W. K., Jr., Gelfand, M., Harwood, J., Her, P., Tanaka-Matsumi, J., & Vandello, J. (2008). Exploring ethnic group and geographical differences for social axioms in the USA. In K. Leung (Ed.), Advances in Social Axioms Research. New York: Springer SBM. Chapter Abstract
This study investigates the dimensionality of a recently developed measure of social beliefs—the Social Axioms Survey (SAS) for American respondents. Ethnic group and geographical differences in the endorsement of social beliefs were also assessed with the SAS with samples of college and noncollege students in eight locations in the USA (N = 2,164). Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported the five-factor structure found previously in international samples (Leung & Bond, 2004). Differences among ethnic groups showed that African Americans scored higher on the belief dimension of religiosity than did Asian or Caucasian Americans. Asian Americans were more inclined toward socially cynical beliefs than were other ethnic groups and believed more in fate control than did Caucasian or Hispanic Americans. Differences in social beliefs across locations were limited to religiosity beliefs when only Caucasian American respondents were considered. Implications for comparisons of samples from the USA with other countries are discussed.