APR 4 Jennifer McGovern Narkevicius, PhD Jenius LLC
Thu Apr 4, 2013
APR 1 Dave Prewitt, President, DPC, LLC
Mon Apr 1, 2013
MAR 28 Robert L Wears, MD, MS, PhD, University of Florida
Thu Mar 28, 2013 - Fri Mar 29, 2013
MAR 21 Prof. Anabela Simoes, ISG (Business and Economics School, Portugal)
Thu Mar 21, 2013
Aging: an increasing dimension of Life Critical Systems
MAR 14 Dr. Ondrej Doule, HCDi Assistant Professor, FIT
Thu Mar 14, 2013
MAR 7 Lucas Stephane, Research Assistant & PhD Candidate at HCDi
Thu Mar 7, 2013
MAR 5 Dr. Terry Fong, Director, Intelligent Robotics Group NASA Ames Research Center
Tue Mar 5, 2013
MAR 4 Jeffrey Bradshaw, Senior Research Scientist, IHMC
Mon Mar 4, 2013
FEB 28 Kara Schmitt, Research Assistant, FIT HCDi
Thu Feb 28, 2013
Situation Awareness and the Relationship to Functional Allocation
FEB 25 Dr. Paul Krois, Director, Human Factors Division, FAA
Mon Feb 25, 2013
FEB 21 Patrick Millot, University of Valenciennes, France
Fri Feb 22, 2013
Human- machine cooperation: an answer to Risk Management in Life Critical Systems
By Prof Dr Patrick M. Millot (*) (**)
Abstract. We consider human machine dynamic systems where human activities are mainly oriented toward decision-making: monitoring and fault detection, fault anticipation, diagnosis and prognosis, and fault prevention and recovery. The objectives combine the human-machine system performances (production quantity and quality) as well as the global system safety. In this context human operators may have a double role:
- (1) a negative role as they may perform unsafe or erroneous actions on the process: procedures based on past expertise are common ways to avoid the human “hazardous and uncontrolled” behaviors,
- (2) a positive role as they can detect, prevent or recover an unexpected event and its unsafe consequences even if that event is due to an inappropriate decision from another operator or from an automated decision maker: Situation Awareness and the ways to maintain it enhances this role.
Two approaches to these questions are combined in a pluridisciplinary research way : (1) human engineering which aims at designing dedicated assistance tools for human operators and at integrating them into human activities through a human machine cooperation, (2) cognitive psychology and ergonomics analyzing the human activities, the need for such tools, their use and their acceptability.
This talk first focuses on parameters related to the human machine interaction and influencing safety: Level of Automation, system complexity, human complexity dealing with normative behavior and erroneous behavior as well. The concept of cooperation is then introduced as an answer and we propose a framework for implementation. Examples in Air Traffic Control, in Telecommunication networks and Nuclear Power Plant illustrate these concepts.
Keywords. Human cognitive modeling, Level of automation, Level of authority, Decision support system, Human-Machine cooperation, Common Frame of Reference, Situation Awareness, Air Traffic Control, Nuclear power Plant, Telecommunication
Reference. Millot P., Debernard S., Vanderhaegen F., (2011), Authority and cooperation between humans and machines. In G.Boy (Ed) Handbook for Human-Machine Interaction. Ashgate Publishing Ltd, Wey Court East, Union Road, Farnham, Surrey, GU9 7PT, England
Speaker. Patrick Millot received a PhD in Automatic Control (1979) and is Docteur d’Etat es Sciences (1987). He is full Professor at the University of Valenciennes (UVHC) since 1989. He conducts research on Automation Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Supervisory Control, Human-Machine Systems, Human Reliability with applications to production telecommunication and transport systems (Air Traffic Control, Car Traffic, Trains Metro…). His scientific production covers about 195 publications, collective books, conference proceedings. He has been research supervisor of 37 PhD students and 10 HDR since 1989, reviewer of 51 PhD Thesis and 10 HDR from other universities. He was successively head of the research group “Human Machine Systems” in LAMIH (1987-2004, 25 researchers), head of LAMIH (1996-2005, 222 researchers and engineers) and vice President of the University of Valenciennes (2005-2010) in charge of research. He was visiting Professor at Human Centered Design institute (HCDi) headed by PR G. Boy at Florida Institute of Technology (FIT Melboune FL) for one year (August 2011-June 2012). He is currently co-head with G. Boy of the joint research lab on Risk Management in Life Critical Systems between HCDi/FIT and LAMIH-TEMPO/UVHC funded by the French-American Partner University Fund (PUF) for 3 years (2012-2015).
He was member of the scientific board / Manager of several regional research groups on Supervisory Control (GRAISYHM 1996-2002) on Transport (GRRT since 1987) and head of the ST2 program on Transport System Safety (2001-2006, 80 researchers of 10 labs). He was also member of the French Council of the Universities (CNU 1996-2003), member of the scientific board of the French national research group in Automation Sciences supported by CNRS (1996-2001). Partner of several European projects and networks: 2 Human Capital and Mobility networks 1993-1996, 2 projects since 2002 on Urban Guided Transport Management Systems (UGTMS followed by MODURBAN) 1 project on car driver modeling (ITERATE) and the Network of Excellence EURNEX since 2004. He was IPC member of several International Conferences and Journals, member since 2000 and Vice Chairman since 2009 to 2011 of the IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Technical Committee 4.5 Human-Machine Systems.
(*) Laboratoire d'Automatique, de Mécanique et d'Informatique Industrielle et Humaine, LAMIH CNRS -University of Valenciennes -Le Mont Houy, 59313 VALENCIENNES CEDEX 9 -France
(**) Joint Research lab on Risk Management in Life Critical Systems, HCDi/FIT Melbourne FL, LAMIH/Univ Valenciennes,Fe-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
FEB 14 Dr. Lane Desborough, Medtronic, California
Thu Feb 14, 2013
A cross-industry perspective on systems engineering for complex, hazardous, software-intensive systems
OCT 30 Dr. Christophe Kolski - HCI Group, University of Valenciennes, France
Tue Oct 30, 2012
Automated Reasoning and Human-Machine Interaction and Related Research Questions
JUL 6 TEDxISU, Gleason Center, FIT
Sat Jul 7, 2012
MAR 21 Dirk Schaefer, EUROCONTROL, France
MAR 14-16 Risk Management in Life-Critical Systems Workshop
Sat Mar 17, 2012
OCT 3 Michael Conroy, NASA Kennedy Space Center
AUG 27 Dr. Gudela Grote, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
Lecture 1: Principles of organization and work design - Strategies for managing uncertainty
Abstract. Specialization and coordination as fundamental questions of organization design; current approaches to work design; links between organizational and work design; ways to enable organizations and individuals to effectively handle uncertainties in work processes.
Lecture 2: KOMPASS - A method for analyzing and designing work processes
Abstract. Socio-technical design principles; design criteria for human-technology interaction, individual work tasks, and work systems; application of KOMPASS in analyzing and designing work processes; practical exercise using KOMPASS.
Speaker. Dr. Gudela Grote has been a Full Professor of Work and Organizational Psychology at the Department of Management, Technology, and Economics at the ETH Zurich since 2000. Before that she was an Assistant Professor (since 1992) and an Associate Professor (since 1997). Prof. Grote studied psychology at the University of Marburg and the Technical University in Berlin. She was a Ph.D. student from 1984 to 1987 at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, and received her doctorate with a dissertation on the situational specificity and consistency of achievement motivation. Since 1988 she has continued her research at the ETH Zurich. The main objective of her research is to provide psychologically based concepts and methods for integrative job and organizational design, taking into consideration the changing technological. economic and societal demands and opportunities. Her special interest is the increasing flexibility and virtuality of work and the consequences for the individual and organizational management of uncertainty. Application fields for Prof. Grote's research are e.g. the design of high-risk work systems, intra- and interorganizational planning, support for individual employability as well as learning and cooperation in distributed teams. Prof. Grote is member of the ETH's Ethics Committee and the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Commission.
APR 15 Paul Krois, FAA
Human Factors Challenges in the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen)
Abstract. The Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) poses unprecedented changes to the roles and responsibilities of aviation actors as well as in allocations of functions between human operators and automation. New programs have been established to address the human factors and human performance challenges posed by NextGen for pilots, controllers, and other actors in the National Airspace System. The presentation will address how programs are addressing these challenges for the flight deck, air traffic control, and for the integration of humans and systems.
Speaker. Paul Krois has managed aviation human factors research and acquisition programs since 1988 and joined the Federal Aviation Administration in 1999. He is the Program Director of the Human Factors Research and Engineering Group located in Washington, D.C. This office is responsible for planning the portfolio of flight deck and air traffic control research addressing the near term safety and capacity needs of the FAA as well as ensuring human-system integration in engineering, development and implementation of technologies, concepts, and procedures comprising the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). Paul previously managed the FAA Research Planning Group aligning research goals and programs involving human factors, aircraft safety, airports, air traffic management, and energy and environment research in the National Aviation Research Plan. He has a doctorate in industrial and organizational psychology from Colorado State University.
APR 8 Amy Pritchett, Georgia Tech
Aiding the Human Contribution to Safety in Aviation
Abstract. In emergency situations, the pilot of an air transport aircraft must quickly make a decision involving complex dynamics around aircraft guidance and control. Flightdeck automation has, in theory, the computational power and sensing to inform these decisions. However, such automation also has incomplete information about the situation, and thus its responses can be inappropriate in some situations. This talk will discuss studies of pilot decision aiding in the tasks of path planning in emergency situations and of collision avoidance. An optimal decision in either task requires extensive dynamic analysis. Multiple conflicting information sources are available to the pilots in these situations, and the constraints on acceptable flightpaths can vary. The talk will discuss results of piloted flight simulator evaluations, analysis of operational data, and directed laboratory tasks. The concept of 'automation bias,' in which the presentation of an automated recommendation inherently biases pilot decision making, will be discussed as a significant obstacle in establishing joint human-machine performance which is greater than the performance of automation or pilot alone.
Speaker. Amy Pritchett is currently the David S. Lewis Associate Professor, Georgia Tech School of Aerospace Engineering, with a joint appointment in the Georgia Tech School of Industrial and Systems Engineering. Before joining the faculty at Georgie Tech, she received her SB, SM and ScD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Aeronautics and Astronautics. She has also served term appointments as a Senior Research Fellow of the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands and as Director of NASA's Aviation Safety (Research) Program, in which capacity she also served on the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy sub-committee authoring the National Aeronautics Research Plan, and on the Executive Committee of the Commercial Aviation Safety Team, winner of the 2008 Collier Trophy. She is also the recipient of the AIAA Lawrence Sperry Award for top young Aerospace Engineer, has an AIAA scholarship named after her, and has received the RTCA William E. Jackson award.
For more information, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
* HCDi seminars are open to anyone for free.